NVIDIA driver not working properly (+ poor rendering performance in Chrome)

Hey all,

I just installed Manjaro today on my laptop (been using Ubuntu for years, 18.04 most recently). I'm having trouble with getting my NVIDIA card working properly, and though I've searched the forum, I can't seem to find anything definitive.

Everything else in KDE seems pretty zippy and very smooth. It's just Chrome that feels sluggish rendering pages. For example, Speedtest.net is so sluggish that it actually affects the results of the speed test:

  • Chrome: 61Mbps down / 173Mbps up
  • Firefox: 289 down / 281 up

Firefox feels a tiny bit sluggish too, but not as bad as Chrome (which I need to use since I'm a web developer).

How can I give my browsers a GPU boost? I've got a GeForce 940MX in this thing, I should be able to use it! :sunglasses:

Results of inxi -Fxxxz:

System:    Host: monolith Kernel: 4.19.13-1-MANJARO x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 8.2.1 
           Desktop: KDE Plasma 5.14.4 tk: Qt 5.12.0 wm: kwin_x11 dm: SDDM Distro: Manjaro Linux 
Machine:   Type: Laptop System: LENOVO product: 20H9CTO1WW v: ThinkPad T570 serial: <filter> 
           Chassis: type: 10 serial: <filter> 
           Mobo: LENOVO model: 20H9CTO1WW v: SDK0J40709 WIN serial: <filter> UEFI: LENOVO 
           v: N1VET46W (1.36 ) date: 09/28/2018 
Battery:   ID-1: BAT0 charge: 27.6 Wh condition: 27.6/32.0 Wh (86%) volts: 17.0/15.3 
           model: SMP 00UR891 type: Li-poly serial: <filter> status: Full cycles: 45 
           ID-2: BAT1 charge: 38.2 Wh condition: 71.9/71.3 Wh (101%) volts: 11.1/10.8 
           model: SANYO 01AV427 type: Li-ion serial: <filter> status: Discharging cycles: 52 
CPU:       Topology: Dual Core model: Intel Core i7-7600U bits: 64 type: MT MCP arch: Kaby Lake 
           rev: 9 L2 cache: 4096 KiB 
           flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx bogomips: 23240 
           Speed: 900 MHz min/max: 400/3900 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 900 2: 900 3: 900 4: 900 
Graphics:  Device-1: Intel HD Graphics 620 vendor: Lenovo ThinkPad T570 driver: i915 v: kernel 
           bus ID: 00:02.0 chip ID: 8086:5916 
           Device-2: NVIDIA GM108M [GeForce 940MX] driver: N/A bus ID: 02:00.0 chip ID: 10de:134d 
           Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.20.3 driver: intel compositor: kwin_x11 
           resolution: 3840x2160~60Hz 
           OpenGL: renderer: Mesa DRI Intel HD Graphics 620 (Kaby Lake GT2) v: 4.5 Mesa 18.3.1 
           compat-v: 3.0 direct render: Yes 
Audio:     Device-1: Intel Sunrise Point-LP HD Audio vendor: Lenovo driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel 
           bus ID: 00:1f.3 chip ID: 8086:9d71 
           Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.19.13-1-MANJARO 
Network:   Device-1: Intel Ethernet I219-LM vendor: Lenovo driver: e1000e v: 3.2.6-k port: efa0 
           bus ID: 00:1f.6 chip ID: 8086:15d7 
           IF: enp0s31f6 state: down mac: <filter> 
           Device-2: Intel Wireless 8265 / 8275 driver: iwlwifi v: kernel port: efa0 
           bus ID: 04:00.0 chip ID: 8086:24fd 
           IF: wlp4s0 state: up mac: <filter> 
Drives:    Local Storage: total: 167.68 GiB used: 7.82 GiB (4.7%) 
           ID-1: /dev/sdb vendor: Intel model: SSDSC2KF180H6L size: 167.68 GiB speed: 6.0 Gb/s 
           serial: <filter> rev: L37P scheme: GPT 
Partition: ID-1: / size: 146.95 GiB used: 7.82 GiB (5.3%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/dm-0 
           ID-2: swap-1 size: 17.07 GiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/dm-1 
Sensors:   System Temperatures: cpu: 40.0 C mobo: N/A 
           Fan Speeds (RPM): cpu: 0 
Info:      Processes: 221 Uptime: 1h 19m Memory: 15.52 GiB used: 3.11 GiB (20.1%) Init: systemd 
           v: 239 Compilers: gcc: 8.2.1 Shell: bash v: 4.4.23 running in: konsole inxi: 3.0.28 

And chrome://gpu:

Graphics Feature Status
Canvas: Hardware accelerated
Flash: Hardware accelerated
Flash Stage3D: Hardware accelerated
Flash Stage3D Baseline profile: Hardware accelerated
Compositing: Hardware accelerated
Multiple Raster Threads: Enabled
Native GpuMemoryBuffers: Software only. Hardware acceleration disabled
Out-of-process Rasterization: Disabled
Hardware Protected Video Decode: Unavailable
Rasterization: Software only. Hardware acceleration disabled
Skia Deferred Display List: Disabled
Skia Renderer: Disabled
Surface Control: Disabled
Surface Synchronization: Enabled
Video Decode: Unavailable
Viz Service Display Compositor: Disabled
WebGL: Hardware accelerated
WebGL2: Hardware accelerated
Driver Bug Workarounds
Problems Detected
Accelerated video decode is unavailable on Linux: 137247
Disabled Features: accelerated_video_decode
Protected video decoding with swap chain is for Windows and Intel only
Disabled Features: protected_video_decode
Clear uniforms before first program use on all platforms: 124764, 349137
Applied Workarounds: clear_uniforms_before_first_program_use
Disable partial swaps on Mesa drivers (detected with GL_RENDERER): 339493
Applied Workarounds: disable_post_sub_buffers_for_onscreen_surfaces
Always rewrite vec/mat constructors to be consistent: 398694
Applied Workarounds: scalarize_vec_and_mat_constructor_args
On Intel GPUs MSAA performance is not acceptable for GPU rasterization: 527565
Applied Workarounds: msaa_is_slow
Use GL_INTEL_framebuffer_CMAA on ChromeOS: 535198
Applied Workarounds: disable_framebuffer_cmaa
Disable partial swaps on Mesa drivers (detected with GL_VERSION): 339493
Applied Workarounds: disable_post_sub_buffers_for_onscreen_surfaces
Decode and encode before generateMipmap for srgb format textures on os except macosx: 634519
Applied Workarounds: decode_encode_srgb_for_generatemipmap
adjust src/dst region if blitting pixels outside read framebuffer on Linux Intel: 664740
Applied Workarounds: adjust_src_dst_region_for_blitframebuffer
Disable KHR_blend_equation_advanced until cc shaders are updated: 661715
Applied Workarounds: disable(GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced), disable(GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced_coherent)
Native GpuMemoryBuffers have been disabled, either via about:flags or command line.
Disabled Features: native_gpu_memory_buffers
Viz service display compositor is not enabled by default.
Disabled Features: viz_display_compositor
Skia renderer is not used by default.
Disabled Features: skia_renderer
Skia deferred display list is not used by default.
Disabled Features: skia_deferred_display_list
Version Information
Data exported	2019-01-08T02:27:39.409Z
Chrome version	Chrome/71.0.3578.98
Operating system	Linux 4.19.13-1-MANJARO
Software rendering list URL	https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/+/15234034d19b85dcd9a03b164ae89d04145d8368/gpu/config/software_rendering_list.json
Driver bug list URL	https://chromium.googlesource.com/chromium/src/+/15234034d19b85dcd9a03b164ae89d04145d8368/gpu/config/gpu_driver_bug_list.json
ANGLE commit id	f2ed299569c0
2D graphics backend	Skia/71 7469a9341afab19271b8ef07af5c16a0f2c4ccc1-
Command Line	/opt/google/chrome/google-chrome --flag-switches-begin --flag-switches-end
Driver Information
Initialization time	43
In-process GPU	false
Passthrough Command Decoder	false
Sandboxed	false
GPU0	VENDOR = 0x10de, DEVICE= 0x134d
GPU1	VENDOR = 0x8086, DEVICE= 0x5916 *ACTIVE*
Optimus	true
AMD switchable	false
Driver vendor	
Driver version	
Driver date	
GPU CUDA compute capability major version	0
Pixel shader version	1.30
Vertex shader version	1.30
Max. MSAA samples	16
Machine model name	
Machine model version	
GL_VENDOR	Intel Open Source Technology Center
GL_RENDERER	Mesa DRI Intel(R) HD Graphics 620 (Kaby Lake GT2)
GL_VERSION	3.0 Mesa 18.3.1
GL_EXTENSIONS	GL_3DFX_texture_compression_FXT1 GL_AMD_conservative_depth GL_AMD_depth_clamp_separate GL_AMD_draw_buffers_blend GL_AMD_multi_draw_indirect GL_AMD_query_buffer_object GL_AMD_seamless_cubemap_per_texture GL_AMD_shader_stencil_export GL_AMD_shader_trinary_minmax GL_ANGLE_texture_compression_dxt3 GL_ANGLE_texture_compression_dxt5 GL_APPLE_object_purgeable GL_APPLE_packed_pixels GL_ARB_ES2_compatibility GL_ARB_ES3_1_compatibility GL_ARB_ES3_compatibility GL_ARB_arrays_of_arrays GL_ARB_blend_func_extended GL_ARB_buffer_storage GL_ARB_clear_buffer_object GL_ARB_clear_texture GL_ARB_clip_control GL_ARB_color_buffer_float GL_ARB_compressed_texture_pixel_storage GL_ARB_compute_shader GL_ARB_conditional_render_inverted GL_ARB_conservative_depth GL_ARB_copy_buffer GL_ARB_copy_image GL_ARB_cull_distance GL_ARB_debug_output GL_ARB_depth_buffer_float GL_ARB_depth_clamp GL_ARB_depth_texture GL_ARB_derivative_control GL_ARB_draw_buffers GL_ARB_draw_buffers_blend GL_ARB_draw_elements_base_vertex GL_ARB_draw_indirect GL_ARB_draw_instanced GL_ARB_explicit_attrib_location GL_ARB_explicit_uniform_location GL_ARB_fragment_coord_conventions GL_ARB_fragment_layer_viewport GL_ARB_fragment_program GL_ARB_fragment_program_shadow GL_ARB_fragment_shader GL_ARB_fragment_shader_interlock GL_ARB_framebuffer_no_attachments GL_ARB_framebuffer_object GL_ARB_framebuffer_sRGB GL_ARB_get_program_binary GL_ARB_get_texture_sub_image GL_ARB_half_float_pixel GL_ARB_half_float_vertex GL_ARB_indirect_parameters GL_ARB_instanced_arrays GL_ARB_internalformat_query GL_ARB_internalformat_query2 GL_ARB_invalidate_subdata GL_ARB_map_buffer_alignment GL_ARB_map_buffer_range GL_ARB_multi_bind GL_ARB_multi_draw_indirect GL_ARB_multisample GL_ARB_multitexture GL_ARB_occlusion_query GL_ARB_occlusion_query2 GL_ARB_pipeline_statistics_query GL_ARB_pixel_buffer_object GL_ARB_point_parameters GL_ARB_point_sprite GL_ARB_polygon_offset_clamp GL_ARB_post_depth_coverage GL_ARB_program_interface_query GL_ARB_provoking_vertex GL_ARB_query_buffer_object GL_ARB_robust_buffer_access_behavior GL_ARB_robustness GL_ARB_sample_shading GL_ARB_sampler_objects GL_ARB_seamless_cube_map GL_ARB_seamless_cubemap_per_texture GL_ARB_separate_shader_objects GL_ARB_shader_atomic_counter_ops GL_ARB_shader_atomic_counters GL_ARB_shader_ballot GL_ARB_shader_bit_encoding GL_ARB_shader_clock GL_ARB_shader_draw_parameters GL_ARB_shader_group_vote GL_ARB_shader_image_load_store GL_ARB_shader_image_size GL_ARB_shader_objects GL_ARB_shader_precision GL_ARB_shader_stencil_export GL_ARB_shader_storage_buffer_object GL_ARB_shader_texture_image_samples GL_ARB_shader_texture_lod GL_ARB_shading_language_100 GL_ARB_shading_language_420pack GL_ARB_shading_language_packing GL_ARB_shadow GL_ARB_stencil_texturing GL_ARB_sync GL_ARB_texture_barrier GL_ARB_texture_border_clamp GL_ARB_texture_compression GL_ARB_texture_compression_bptc GL_ARB_texture_compression_rgtc GL_ARB_texture_cube_map GL_ARB_texture_cube_map_array GL_ARB_texture_env_add GL_ARB_texture_env_combine GL_ARB_texture_env_crossbar GL_ARB_texture_env_dot3 GL_ARB_texture_filter_anisotropic GL_ARB_texture_float GL_ARB_texture_gather GL_ARB_texture_mirror_clamp_to_edge GL_ARB_texture_mirrored_repeat GL_ARB_texture_multisample GL_ARB_texture_non_power_of_two GL_ARB_texture_query_levels GL_ARB_texture_query_lod GL_ARB_texture_rectangle GL_ARB_texture_rg GL_ARB_texture_rgb10_a2ui GL_ARB_texture_stencil8 GL_ARB_texture_storage GL_ARB_texture_storage_multisample GL_ARB_texture_swizzle GL_ARB_texture_view GL_ARB_timer_query GL_ARB_transform_feedback2 GL_ARB_transform_feedback3 GL_ARB_transform_feedback_instanced GL_ARB_transform_feedback_overflow_query GL_ARB_transpose_matrix GL_ARB_uniform_buffer_object GL_ARB_vertex_array_bgra GL_ARB_vertex_array_object GL_ARB_vertex_attrib_binding GL_ARB_vertex_buffer_object GL_ARB_vertex_program GL_ARB_vertex_shader GL_ARB_vertex_type_10f_11f_11f_rev GL_ARB_vertex_type_2_10_10_10_rev GL_ARB_window_pos GL_ATI_blend_equation_separate GL_ATI_draw_buffers GL_ATI_separate_stencil GL_ATI_texture_env_combine3 GL_ATI_texture_float GL_EXT_abgr GL_EXT_bgra GL_EXT_blend_color GL_EXT_blend_equation_separate GL_EXT_blend_func_separate GL_EXT_blend_minmax GL_EXT_blend_subtract GL_EXT_compiled_vertex_array GL_EXT_copy_texture GL_EXT_draw_buffers2 GL_EXT_draw_instanced GL_EXT_draw_range_elements GL_EXT_fog_coord GL_EXT_framebuffer_blit GL_EXT_framebuffer_multisample GL_EXT_framebuffer_multisample_blit_scaled GL_EXT_framebuffer_object GL_EXT_framebuffer_sRGB GL_EXT_gpu_program_parameters GL_EXT_multi_draw_arrays GL_EXT_packed_depth_stencil GL_EXT_packed_float GL_EXT_packed_pixels GL_EXT_pixel_buffer_object GL_EXT_point_parameters GL_EXT_polygon_offset_clamp GL_EXT_provoking_vertex GL_EXT_rescale_normal GL_EXT_secondary_color GL_EXT_separate_specular_color GL_EXT_shader_framebuffer_fetch GL_EXT_shader_framebuffer_fetch_non_coherent GL_EXT_shader_integer_mix GL_EXT_shader_samples_identical GL_EXT_shadow_funcs GL_EXT_stencil_two_side GL_EXT_stencil_wrap GL_EXT_subtexture GL_EXT_texture GL_EXT_texture3D GL_EXT_texture_array GL_EXT_texture_compression_dxt1 GL_EXT_texture_compression_rgtc GL_EXT_texture_compression_s3tc GL_EXT_texture_cube_map GL_EXT_texture_edge_clamp GL_EXT_texture_env_add GL_EXT_texture_env_combine GL_EXT_texture_env_dot3 GL_EXT_texture_filter_anisotropic GL_EXT_texture_integer GL_EXT_texture_lod_bias GL_EXT_texture_object GL_EXT_texture_rectangle GL_EXT_texture_sRGB GL_EXT_texture_sRGB_decode GL_EXT_texture_shared_exponent GL_EXT_texture_snorm GL_EXT_texture_swizzle GL_EXT_timer_query GL_EXT_transform_feedback GL_EXT_vertex_array GL_EXT_vertex_array_bgra GL_IBM_multimode_draw_arrays GL_IBM_rasterpos_clip GL_IBM_texture_mirrored_repeat GL_INGR_blend_func_separate GL_INTEL_performance_query GL_INTEL_shader_atomic_float_minmax GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced_coherent GL_KHR_context_flush_control GL_KHR_debug GL_KHR_no_error GL_KHR_robust_buffer_access_behavior GL_KHR_robustness GL_KHR_texture_compression_astc_ldr GL_KHR_texture_compression_astc_sliced_3d GL_MESA_pack_invert GL_MESA_shader_integer_functions GL_MESA_texture_signed_rgba GL_MESA_window_pos GL_NV_blend_square GL_NV_conditional_render GL_NV_depth_clamp GL_NV_fog_distance GL_NV_fragment_shader_interlock GL_NV_light_max_exponent GL_NV_packed_depth_stencil GL_NV_primitive_restart GL_NV_texgen_reflection GL_NV_texture_barrier GL_NV_texture_env_combine4 GL_NV_texture_rectangle GL_OES_EGL_image GL_OES_read_format GL_S3_s3tc GL_SGIS_generate_mipmap GL_SGIS_texture_border_clamp GL_SGIS_texture_edge_clamp GL_SGIS_texture_lod GL_SUN_multi_draw_arrays
Disabled Extensions	GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced GL_KHR_blend_equation_advanced_coherent
Disabled WebGL Extensions	
Window system binding vendor	SGI
Window system binding version	1.4
Window system binding extensions	GLX_ARB_create_context GLX_ARB_create_context_no_error GLX_ARB_create_context_profile GLX_ARB_create_context_robustness GLX_ARB_fbconfig_float GLX_ARB_framebuffer_sRGB GLX_ARB_multisample GLX_EXT_create_context_es_profile GLX_EXT_create_context_es2_profile GLX_EXT_fbconfig_packed_float GLX_EXT_framebuffer_sRGB GLX_EXT_import_context GLX_EXT_libglvnd GLX_EXT_no_config_context GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap GLX_EXT_visual_info GLX_EXT_visual_rating GLX_MESA_copy_sub_buffer GLX_OML_swap_method GLX_SGI_make_current_read GLX_SGI_swap_control GLX_SGIS_multisample GLX_SGIX_fbconfig GLX_SGIX_pbuffer GLX_SGIX_visual_select_group GLX_INTEL_swap_event
Window manager	KWin
Compositing manager	Yes
Direct rendering	Yes
Reset notification strategy	0x8261
GPU process crash count	0
System visual ID	32
RGBA visual ID	352
Compositor Information
Tile Update Mode	One-copy
Partial Raster	Enabled
GpuMemoryBuffers Status
R_8	Software only
R_16	Software only
RG_88	Software only
BGR_565	Software only
RGBA_4444	Software only
RGBX_8888	Software only
RGBA_8888	Software only
BGRX_8888	Software only
BGRX_1010102	Software only
RGBX_1010102	Software only
BGRA_8888	Software only
RGBA_F16	Software only
YVU_420	Software only
YUV_420_BIPLANAR	Software only
UYVY_422	Software only
Display(s) Information
Info	Display[2785062953156675] bounds=[0,0 1920x1080], workarea=[0,0 1920x1044], scale=2, external.
Color space information	{primaries:INVALID, transfer:INVALID, matrix:INVALID, range:INVALID}
Bits per color component	8
Bits per pixel	24
Video Acceleration Information
Log Messages
[8713:8713:0107/195459.701494:ERROR:sandbox_linux.cc(364)] : InitializeSandbox() called with multiple threads in process gpu-process.
[8713:8713:0107/201036.374935:ERROR:gles2_cmd_decoder.cc(17611)] : [.BrowserCompositor-0x3bad5d38f000]GL ERROR :GL_INVALID_OPERATION : glCreateAndConsumeTextureCHROMIUM: invalid mailbox name
[8713:8713:0107/201036.376980:ERROR:gles2_cmd_decoder.cc(17611)] : [.BrowserCompositor-0x3bad5d38f000]GL ERROR :GL_INVALID_OPERATION : glCreateAndConsumeTextureCHROMIUM: invalid mailbox name
[8713:8713:0107/201036.377165:ERROR:gles2_cmd_decoder.cc(10219)] : [.BrowserCompositor-0x3bad5d38f000]RENDER WARNING: texture bound to texture unit 1 is not renderable. It maybe non-power-of-2 and have incompatible texture filtering.
[8713:8713:0107/201036.377252:ERROR:gles2_cmd_decoder.cc(10219)] : [.BrowserCompositor-0x3bad5d38f000]RENDER WARNING: texture bound to texture unit 2 is not renderable. It maybe non-power-of-2 and have incompatible texture filtering.

You know, on second thought: I have to say, I'm getting incredible battery life now that the Intel HD graphics chip is in charge! I'd still like to get better performance out of Chrome, though, if at all possible.

EDIT: I changed /usr/share/applications/google-chrome.desktop so that the exec command is prefixed with optirun. Performance was even worse (I could see pages painting as I scrolled). Surely there's a way to get Chrome performing normally? It worked much better on Ubuntu Budgie 18.04.

That's because the Ubuntu devs f@rt magic fairy dust, the Manjaro devs are mere unpaid mortals. :fairy:


You have quite a few options.

Each will deal with the Nvidia GPU differently, so you have to see how. From your post it seems you are using only the Intel GPU and you did not set the proper driver for the Nvidia GPU. Why i say that?

That is why ...

1 Like

Chrome/Chromium performance should be just fine on Intel graphics anyhow. You shouldn't need to enable Nvidia graphics for that. It runs great on my T460 with Intel HD520 graphics.

I see you are using the Intel video driver instead of modesetting. That driver has caused me nothing but pain. You can de-install it through the Manjaro Settings Manager or mhwd. Manjaro will default to modesetting after a reboot. That may fix it...

1 Like

Well it depends. For me it never worked as good as intel driver. Also mhwd uses intel driver when it installs hybrid-intel-nvidia-bumblebee.

Ps: just tried modesetting with optimus-manager and it's horrible. Selecting intel makes everything smooth again.
I know, I know. Nouveau. But it causes lockups on reboot, shutdown, etc, so it is disabled.

Thanks for trying! That's one thing I've never had to figure out. I only have systems with either Intel Video or a dedicated Nvidia card without Intel video. And no, Nouveau is somewhat usable, but not a good substitute for the proprietary drivers. Alas.

Ok, so here's where I am today:

Yes, Chrome isn't that terrible after all. My point of comparison is running Chrome on a Mac w/ dual AMD Fire pro GPUs, so.. :wink:

However, now that I've plugged in an external monitor into my laptop, with both running at HiDPI, things are a little more sluggish now. I don't think the Intel chip can handle two 4K displays.

I'm not sure what "modesetting" is (points to Newbie Corner sign). Any suggestions? I may actually try to disable the Intel chip from the BIOS, I think that's possible. Then see if the system is forced into using the NVIDIA card everywhere. I'm just not sure which drivers I should be using or how to get it set up properly.

I guess Bogdan already listed all options you can try. Now you have the first one. The second may be what you need.

@bogdancovaciu Well, the first link (Bumblebee route) seems to only work from a fresh install, which I'd rather not do. Plus I don't even fully understand the instructions.

The second one doesn't work for me. I run optimus-manager --switch nvidia, and then run glxinfo and I can see it's still using Intel for some reason.

I suppose I'll try the third option, using Prime, though I'll miss out on the great battery life.

I can't help with that ...

From what i gathered it should remove all other configs and when you switch the GPU, there would be like a switch session ... like log out and back in kind of behavior. If it doesn't do that, maibe there is something along that you missed, or it didn't configure properly.

I don't think the difference in battery consumption is that big.

Well, the instructions for Prime hosed my setup. I had to revert it. I definitely followed the steps correctly, except maybe I got my bus ID wrong. In the example, the format is x:y:z, whereas mine is xx:yy.z. But I copied it as is, followed the rest of the steps, and was met with a black screen upon boot. :confused:

You can make it the same format, the values are simple

BusID          "PCI:0:2:0"
1 Like

Welp, that probably explains why it failed. I did PCI:02:00.0. I may give that another try.

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