(apologies for this bloated mess of a post)
(should state I've been using Ubuntu for at least 5 years, had a break, installed Mint on my laptop, built this thing, looked for other distros and am now at this point)
So I attempt to install Manjaro KDE 17.1.11 alongside Windows 10 on my self-built desktop computer (providing system info below), setting the /boot/efi mount point and corresponding tags to what I presume to be the correct partition, not finding it worrying that its filesystem is said to be NTFS.
During the partitioning stage I get an error message (copy-pasted from error window):
Installation Failed Boost.Python error in job "bootloader". Command 'grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot/efi --bootloader-id=Manjaro --force' returned non-zero exit status 1. Installing for x86_64-efi platform. grub-install: error: /boot/efi doesn't look like an EFI partition. Traceback: File "/usr/lib/calamares/modules/bootloader/main.py", line 353, in run prepare_bootloader(fw_type) File "/usr/lib/calamares/modules/bootloader/main.py", line 324, in prepare_bootloader install_grub(efi_directory, fw_type) File "/usr/lib/calamares/modules/bootloader/main.py", line 251, in install_grub "--force"]) File "<string>", line 5, in <module>
The partition doesn't look like an EFI partition, now?
When I check the partition table in Windows it is listed as an EFI partition.
What's more, Windows says its boot mode is Legacy. Nothing I'd expect from an UEFI system shows up when I boot into the Advanced Startup Options menu. No Secure Boot toggle, at least.
In the BIOS menu (or whatever it's called in this UEFI age) the boot mode was set to UEFI+Legacy by default. I installed Windows with that enabled.
I assume this means Windows boots in the legacy BIOS way but still needs an EFI partition for it to work (somehow, why tho), and created it as an NTFS partition during its installation (from an official USB stick I purchased). I just now realized it might rather be the system reserved partition and that this whole post might be slightly off-track, see latter paragraph.
I assume the apparently unorthodox choice of NTFS (which still might not play well with Linux, as far as I know, although there is significant compatibility for it now (hm.)) instead of FAT-something for the EFI partition is what causes this issue (if it even is an EFI partition and Windows isn't lying to my face - which it might be).
If it's realistically (and securely) possible, I'd like to just convert that specific partition from NTFS to FAT32, and hope that solves the problem. That'd be less of a hassle.
(But I might still have preferred to have GPT instead of MBR, seems there's a tool for "simply" switching that in Windows, don't know if that one's even remotely a proper option. It's not like I need more than four partitions anyway.)
As a simpler but more time-consuming fix, I could just backup my data (not much, really) and install Windows again, forcing it to do it in a more ideal way. I suppose I'd have to set the boot mode to UEFI in the BIOS menu and possibly make the EFI partition myself (Windows shouldn't create a new one, I hope?), also making sure the partition layout is GPT instead of MBR. If it's possible or perhaps better (heh, doubt it) to use legacy BIOS, I'm not entirely sure how to go about it.
Also, if the boot mode is set to UEFI+Legacy, why is Manjaro insisting it is UEFI? Because that's what it actually is, and it's just running in a legacy mode?
--> and on that note, when I select the "Detect EFI bootloaders" option in the initial menu of the Live USB, none seem to be found. Also due to it being NTFS, I suppose. Or due to it not being an EFI partition.
------This is all presuming there is an EFI partition at all here.
As I realized when looking at the output from the
blkid command, it is very possible I have been on the wrong track here. This might just be the usual "system reserved partition" that Windows has a tendency to create. And then... What should be done? Forcing the Live USB to not boot in EFI mode? Ignore the warning about the need for an EFI partition and let the installer run without setting one as that? Reinstall Windows anyway, making UEFI the thing? Something else?
(I haven't googled that much for this problem, hope it's not being asked about much, which I somehow doubt it is)
System information, command run on USB drive:
[manjaro@manjaro ~]$ inxi -Fxz System: Host: manjaro Kernel: 4.14.52-1-MANJARO x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 8.1.1 Desktop: KDE Plasma 5.13.2 tk: Qt 5.11.1 Distro: Manjaro Linux 17.1.11 Hakoila Machine: Type: Desktop System: Micro-Star product: MS-7B24 v: 2.0 serial: <filter> Mobo: Micro-Star model: B360M PRO-VDH (MS-7B24) v: 2.0 serial: <filter> UEFI: American Megatrends v: A.10 date: 04/02/2018 Battery: Device-1: hidpp_battery_0 model: Logitech Wireless Mouse M325 charge: 100% status: Discharging CPU: Topology: 6-Core model: Intel Core i5-8400 bits: 64 type: MCP arch: Skylake rev: A L2 cache: 9216 KiB flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 ssse3 vmx bogomips: 33708 Speed: 800 MHz min/max: 800/4000 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 800 2: 800 3: 800 4: 800 5: 801 6: 800 Graphics: Card-1: NVIDIA GP106 [GeForce GTX 1060 3GB] driver: nvidia v: 396.24 bus ID: 01:00.0 Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.19.6 driver: nvidia resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz OpenGL: renderer: GeForce GTX 1060 3GB/PCIe/SSE2 v: 4.6.0 NVIDIA 396.24 direct render: Yes Audio: Card-1: Intel Cannon Lake PCH cAVS driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 00:1f.3 Card-2: NVIDIA GP106 High Definition Audio driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 01:00.1 Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.14.52-1-MANJARO Network: Card-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet driver: r8169 v: 2.3LK-NAPI port: 3000 bus ID: 03:00.0 IF: enp3s0 state: up speed: 1000 Mbps duplex: full mac: <filter> Drives: HDD Total Size: 2.05 TiB used: 8.90 GiB (0.4%) ID-1: /dev/nvme0n1 vendor: Samsung model: SSD 960 EVO 250GB size: 232.89 GiB ID-2: /dev/sda vendor: Seagate model: ST2000DM006-2DM164 size: 1.82 TiB ID-3: /dev/sdb type: USB model: USB Flash Disk size: 3.81 GiB Partition: ID-1: / size: 11.71 GiB used: 423.2 MiB (3.5%) fs: overlay dev: ERR-102 Sensors: System Temperatures: cpu: 27.8 C mobo: N/A gpu: nvidia temp: 29 C Fan Speeds (RPM): N/A gpu: nvidia fan: 51% Info: Processes: 198 Uptime: 28m Memory: 15.61 GiB used: 2.35 GiB (15.1%) Init: systemd Compilers: gcc: 8.1.1 Shell: bash v: 4.4.23 inxi: 3.0.12
(additional hardware vendors: motherboard is MSI, GPU is Zotac, and the RAM is from Corsair, if any of that matters)
Current partition setup:
On my SSD I have the insidous EFI partition, windows' system chunk, the presently unused install location for Manjaro, and a swap partition (I seriously don't think I need one, tho, just put it there as usual).
The HDD has a large partition for (shared) data and a slightly thinner partition for Manjaro's home folder (I chose to have it encrypted).
Partition information after installation attempt, also run on USB drive (which shows as the middle one, HDD as the first):
[manjaro@manjaro ~]$ sudo parted -l Model: ATA ST2000DM006-2DM1 (scsi) Disk /dev/sda: 2000GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/4096B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 1049kB 1371GB 1371GB primary ntfs 2 1371GB 2000GB 629GB primary Model: USB Flash Disk (scsi) Disk /dev/sdb: 4090MB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 32.8kB 2167MB 2167MB primary boot 2 2167MB 2171MB 4194kB primary esp Model: Unknown (unknown) Disk /dev/nvme0n1: 250GB Sector size (logical/physical): 512B/512B Partition Table: msdos Disk Flags: Number Start End Size Type File system Flags 1 1049kB 577MB 576MB primary ntfs boot, esp 2 577MB 208GB 208GB primary ntfs 4 208GB 248GB 39.8GB primary ext4 3 248GB 250GB 2098MB primary linux-swap(v1)
Running blkid gives this information (with the "EFI" partition labeled "Reserved by the system - is that a significant detail? This realization leads to me writing that additional stuff above):
[manjaro@manjaro ~]$ sudo blkid /dev/loop0: TYPE="squashfs" /dev/loop1: TYPE="squashfs" /dev/loop2: TYPE="squashfs" /dev/loop3: TYPE="squashfs" /dev/nvme0n1: PTUUID="24d32e43" PTTYPE="dos" /dev/nvme0n1p1: LABEL="Reservert av systemet" UUID="28BC0D85BC0D4EAE" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="24d32e43-01" /dev/nvme0n1p2: UUID="A0DC0E9EDC0E6F3A" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="24d32e43-02" /dev/nvme0n1p3: UUID="67a3e584-b362-41a9-ac9b-1eb251916a21" TYPE="swap" PARTUUID="24d32e43-03" /dev/nvme0n1p4: UUID="f973c239-f242-4719-b977-4ed8268a7e12" TYPE="ext4" PARTUUID="24d32e43-04" /dev/sda1: LABEL="Data" UUID="02248B26248B1C33" TYPE="ntfs" PARTUUID="4f19cd2a-01" /dev/sda2: UUID="a4308411-bb03-401a-999a-ec82528e47b6" TYPE="crypto_LUKS" PARTUUID="4f19cd2a-02" /dev/sdb1: UUID="2018-07-01-09-34-20-00" LABEL="MJR17111" TYPE="iso9660" PARTUUID="2ff390a6-01" /dev/sdb2: SEC_TYPE="msdos" LABEL="MISO_EFI" UUID="64C8-8DA6" TYPE="vfat" PARTUUID="2ff390a6-02"
Will provide more information if necessary.